• Cactus & Succulents Plants > Varieties with Names


Cactus & Succulents Plants, Varieties of cactus plants, cactus plants with names

Cactus grows in extremely dry environment or desert. Its growth can be 1 feet to 12 feet. Generally it has thorns or spines. Now a day many of the cactus are ornamental plants which can be grown in a small pot. Some of the varieties are poisonous. Some varieties have small leaves and showy colourful blooms


Echinocactus grusonii
Common Name: Golden barrel cactus, golden ball
Botanical name: Echinocactus grusonii
Family : Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Origin / Native : Mexico
Genus : Echinocactus
Synonyms : Ornamental plant, Containers, Desert gardens, Rock gardens
Growth Rate : Fast
Location :Ooty botanical garden, India

 

 

 

echinocactus polycephalus
Common Name:Echinocactus polycephalus
Spines: Golden yellow
Family : Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Suitable for : Container, desert garden
Genus :Echinocactus
Origin / Native : Arizona, Nevada, California
Propagation: Seeds
Growth rate: Slow

 

 

 

cereus peruvianus
Common Name: Hedge Cactus, Giant Club Cactus
Botanical name: Cereus repandus
Family : Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Synonym : Cereus peruvianus
Origin / Native : South America
Genus : Cereus
Used for: Ornamental plant
Plant: Thorny, green, good for hedges, pots, height up to 30 feet

 

 

 

fishhook pincushion cactus
Common Name: Fishhook cactus
Type / category: Cactus and Succulents
Genus: Mammillaria
Family: Cactaceae
Light requirement : Sunny, part shade
Synonym :Mammillaria microcarpa
Good for : Containers, pots
Water & care: Average, do not over water, water regularly, Drought tolerant
Plant & foliage : Succulent

 

 

 

ferocactus pilosus
Common Name: Mexican Fire Barrel, Mexican Lime Cactus
Scientific name: Ferocactus pilosus
Family: Cactaceae
Plant / Foliage: Succulent, good for containers, pots
Genus : Ferocactus
Found in :Mexico
Type / category :Cactus and Succulents
Special feature : Drought-tolerant
Hazardous : Sharp red spines, handle carefully

 

 

 

hedgehog cactus
Common Name: Hedgehog cactus
Genus: Echinocereus
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Origin / Native :Southern United States & Mexico
Light requirement :Sunny
Suitable for : Containers, desert garden, rocky place garden
Plant : Globular, bushy, very sharp golden yellow spines
Location : Ooty botanical garden, India

 

 

 

cephalocereus palmeri cactus
Common Name: Cephalocereus palmeri cactus
Type / category:Cactus and Succulents
Family: Cactaceae
Genus: Pilosocereus
Special feature: Drought-tolerant
Suitable for :Containers, desert garden, rocky place garden
Site: Sunny, open
Water&care: Average, dont over water, water regularly

 

 

 

mammillaria elongata copper king
Common Name: mammillaria elongata copper king
Botanical name: Mammillaria elongata
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Genus : Mammillaria
Origin / Native:Central Mexico
Height & Spread: 6 inches, 12 inches wide
Flowers: Light yellow, white blooms, showy
Category: Cactus and Succulents

 

 

 

mammillaria hahniana
Common Name: Old Lady Cactus
Botanical name: Mammillaria hahniana
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Genus : Mammillaria
Origin / Native :Central Mexico
Height / Spread: 10 inches to 8 inches wide
Category: Cactus and Succulents
Flowering season: Spring & summer
Propagation: Seeds, woody stem cuttings

 

 

 

mammillaria matudae
Common Name: Thumb Cactus
Botanical name: Mammillaria matudae
Family: Cactaceae
Genus: Mammillaria
Type/ Category : Cactus and Succulents
Suitable for :Containers
Flowers: Pink, fuchsia, magenta, showy, colourful
Height: 12 inches tall
Light requirement: Sunny, part shade
Care: Average water, do not over water

 

 

 

Mammillaria plumosa
Common Name: Feather Cactus
Botanical name: Mammillaria plumosa
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Genus : Mammillaria
Type/ Category :Cactus and Succulents
Good for: Containers
Height: 5 to 6 inches tall
Flowers: White, honey dew yellow
Flowering season: Late summer

 

 

 

Mammillaria polythele
Botanical Name:Mammillaria polythele
Genus: Mammillaria
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Category :Cactus and Succulents
Height :Up to 2 feet
Origin / Native: Mexico
Synonym: Mammillaria kewensis
Plant description: Cylindrical, deep green or stem blue green, sharp spines, Fuchsia blooms

 

 

 

Mammillaria prolifera
Common Name: Texas nipple cactus
Botanical name: Mammillaria prolifera
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Genus : Mammillaria
Subfamily :Cactoideae
Category:Cactus and Succulents
Suitable for: Containers
Light requirement: Sunny, part shade
Special feature: Drought-tolerant

 

 

 

Cactus in containers
Common Name: Cactus in containers
Family: Cactaceae
Order : Caryophyllales
Propagation: Seeds, cuttings, grafting
Pests and diseases : Mealybugs, whiteflies, red sider mites, slugs, snail, Fungi, bacteria and virus
Light requirement :Require Part shade in summer
Water : Do not over water
Location: Lalbagh botanical garden, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

 

 

 

Tickseed
Common Name: Euphorbia ritchiei
Botanical name: Monadenium ritchiei
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
Plant & Foliage : Upright, small leaves, smooth, succulent, deciduous
Category :Cactus and Succulents
Flowers: Pink, light pink
Suitable for: Containers
Hazardous: All parts are poisonous

 

 

 

echeveria blue heron
Common Name: Hen and Chicks
Scientific Name: Echeveria 'Blue Heron'
Category: Evergreen or deciduous plant
Family: Crassulaceae
Order: Saxifragales
Origin / Native : Central America, Mexico
Plant :fleshy, succulent, grayish green leaf
Suitable for: Containers
Used for: Ornamental garden plants
Special feature: Tolerate shade and frost
Propagation: Offsets, leaf cuttings
Growth rate: Fast

 

 

 

echeveria hybrid mahogany rose
Common Name: Echeveria hybrid mahogany rose
Family:Crassulaceae
Order:Saxifragales
Genus : Echeveria
Growth rate :Fast
Suitable for :Containers
Used for:Ornamental garden plants
Plant & Foliage:Fleshy, succulent, deep purple with grayish green leaf

 

 

 

crassula rosebud
Common Name: Crassula rosebud
Category / Variety: Rosebud
Family:Crassulaceae
Order:Saxifragales
Category :Cactus and Succulents
Foliage :Green with red, fleshy, succulent, colourful
Suitable for: Containers
Location: Lalbagh, bangalore, karnataka, india

 

 

 

graptopetalum amethystinum
Common Name: Jewel Leaf Plant
Botanical name: Graptopetalum amethystinum
Family: Crassulaceae
Order: Saxifragales
Origin / Native : Mexico
Genus :Graptopetalum
Category:Cactus and Succulents
Growth rate:Low
Location: Lalbagh, bangalore, karnataka, india

 

 

 

jovibarba heuffelii hybrids
Common Name: Jupiter's beard
Botanical name: Jovibarba heuffelii hybrids
Family: Crassulaceae
Order: Saxifragales
Genus : Jovibarba
Category :Succulent flowering plant
Origin / Native: Europe
Location: Lalbagh, bangalore, karnataka, india
Propagation: From seed

 

 

 

crassula arborescens
Common Name: Silver dollar plant
Botanical name: Crassula arborescens
Family: Crassulaceae
Order: Saxifragales
Origin / Native : South Africa
Genus :Crassula
Type / Category: Succulent shrub
Height: 36 inches
Used for: Ornamental plant
Flowering season: Winter
Flowering Colours: White & pink

 

 

 

cotyledon undulata
Common Name: Silver Ruffles, Silver crown
Botanical name: Cotyledon undulata
Family: Crassulaceae
Order: Saxifragales
Category : Cactus, Succulent shrub
Genus :Cotyledon
Flowering colours: Yellow, orange
Height: 2 feet
Foliage: Greyish green, wavy edges, scallop shells shaped, suitable for containers

 

 

 

cotyledon ladismithiensis
Common Name: Echeveria shaviana pink frills
Category:Cactus, Succulent shrub
Family:Crassulaceae
Order:Saxifragales
Genus :Echeveria
Growth rate :Slow
Used for:Ornamental plant
Type:Perennial plant
Light requirement:Sunny
Location: Lalbagh, bangalore, karnataka, india

 

 

 

cotyledon ladismithiensis variegata
Common Name: Silver Ruffles, Silver crown
Botanical name: Cotyledon undulata variegata
Family: Crassulaceae
Order: Saxifragales
Genus : Cotyledon
Site :Sunny, average water
Used for:Ornamental plant
Suitable for:Containers, borders
Location: Lalbagh, bangalore, karnataka, india

 

 

 

aeonium sedifolium
Common Name: Aeonium sedifolium
Used for:Ornamental plant
Family: Crassulaceae
Order: Saxifragale
Category : Cactus and Succulents
Suitable for :Containers, borders
Site: Outdoor
Location: Lalbagh, bangalore, karnataka, india
Foliage: Evergreen, fleshy leaves

 

 

 

barrel cactus
Common Name: Barrel cactus, fishhook barrel cactus, Arizona barrel cactus, cylindrical cactus
Botanical name: Ferocactus wislizeni
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Origin / Native : Mexico, North America
Height :Up to 6 feet tall
Light Requirement : Full sun
Flowering colors : White, yellow, orange

 

 

 

echeveria
Common Name: Echeveria
Botanical name: Echeveria imbricata
Family: Crassulaceae
Order: Saxifragales
Origin / Native : Mexico, South America
Location :Ooty botanical garden, nilgiris
Height : Up to 24 inches
Flowers: Green, large, glossy
Best for: Borders, pots, containers, garden beds

 

 

 

Nipple cactus
Common Name: Pineapple cactus, Nipple cactus
Botanical name: Mammillaria prolifera
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Origin / Native : Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela
Category / Habit :Cactus, Succulents
Synonym : Mammillaria sulcata
Best for : Pots, containers
Grow in : Desert, grassland
Flowering Season : Feb to Mar

 

 

 

Drooping prickly pear
Common Name: Drooping Prickly Pear, Prickly Pear Cactus, Cochineal Prickly Pear
Botanical name: Opuntia monacantha
Family: Cactaceae
Order: Caryophyllales
Origin / Native : Brazil, South America
Height :Up to 13 feet tall
Type : Shrub, small tree, hedge plant
Flowers: Lemon yellow
Tamil : Kalli cedi

 

 

 

Aechmea fasciata
Common Name: Aechmea fasciata
Family:Bromeliaceae
Order: Poales
Growth : Rosales
Genus : Aechmea
Height :2.9 feet
Growth Rate : Slow
Flowers: Pink, showy. large
Light requirement: Sunny, part shade

 

 

 



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